During the 1990's and early 2000s the Toussaint Institute Fund, the Institute for Independent Education, and the Council on Independent Black Institutions all conducted and published research on historically black independent schools. School Choice legislation and policy, in particular, charter schools and vouchers, and it's potential impact on Historically Black Independent Schools was explored and discussed, both in terms of the schools and African American parents seeking alternatives to poor performing public schools in their communities.
Historically Black Independent Schools
Gail Foster, Ed.D
See Chapter 12 in
Editors: Ravitch & Viteritti